Diese Diskografie von Billie Holiday besteht aus ca. Singles (78 RPM und 45 RPMs), Singlealben, lovepatiala.com, zahlreichen Studio- und Live-Langspielplatten. Biographie. Billie Holiday (* 7. April in Philadelphia; † Juli in New York; geboren als Elinore Harris) zählt zu den bedeutendsten Jazzsängerinnen. Billie Holiday musste eine schwierige Kindheit in Armut durchstehen, bevor sie zu der Jazzsängerin der er und er Jahre wurde. Obwohl sie keine.
Billie Holiday/DiskografieAuch 50 Jahre nach ihrem Tod ist die Biographie Billie Holidays noch ein fast so großes Mysterium wie zu ihren Lebzeiten. Das Rätselraten beginnt schon, wenn. News, Rezensionen und Konzerte von BILLIE HOLIDAY. Hören Sie in die neusten Jazz Veröffentlichungen rein und bleiben Sie stets informiert über Ihre Jazz. Billie Holiday (born April 7, , Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA - died July 17, , New York City, New York, USA) was an American jazz singer and.
Billi Holliday Billie Holiday had a rough start in life VideoBillie Holiday - The Best Of Classics Masters - Fantastic Vocal Jazz Music of Our History
Her autobiography, Lady Sings the Blues , was written in collaboration by William Dufty. Some of the material in the book, however, must be taken with a grain of salt.
Holiday was in rough shape when she worked with Dufty on the project, and she claimed to have never read the book after it was finished.
Around this time, Holiday became involved with Louis McKay. The two were arrested for narcotics in , and they married in Mexico the following year.
Like many other men in her life, McKay used Holiday's name and money to advance himself. Despite all of the trouble she had been experiencing with her voice, she managed to give an impressive performance on the television broadcast The Sound of Jazz with Ben Webster, Lester Young and Coleman Hawkins.
After years of lackluster recordings and record sales, Holiday recorded Lady in Satin with the Ray Ellis Orchestra for Columbia.
The album's songs showcased her rougher sounding voice, which still could convey great emotional intensity. Holiday gave her final performance in New York City on May 25, Not long after this event, Holiday was admitted to the hospital for heart and liver problems.
She was so addicted to heroin that she was even arrested for possession while in the hospital. On July 17, , Holiday died from alcohol- and drug-related complications.
More than 3, people turned out to say good-bye to Lady Day at her funeral held in St. Paul the Apostle Roman Catholic Church on July 21, A who's who of the jazz world attended the solemn occasion, including Goodman, Gene Krupa, Tony Scott, Buddy Rogers and John Hammond.
Considered one of the best jazz vocalists of all time, Holiday has been an influence on many other performers who have followed in her footsteps.
Her autobiography was made into the film Lady Sings the Blues with famed singer Diana Ross playing the part of Holiday, which helped renew interest in Holiday's recordings.
In , Holiday was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame with Ross handling the honors. We strive for accuracy and fairness.
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An originator of big-band jazz, Duke Ellington was an American composer, pianist and bandleader who composed thousands of scores over his year career.
She won four Grammy Awards , all of them posthumously, for Best Historical Album. She was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in Lady Sings the Blues , a film about her life, starring Diana Ross , was released in She is the primary character in the play later made into a film Lady Day at Emerson's Bar and Grill ; the role was originated by Reenie Upchurch in and was played by Audra McDonald on Broadway and in the film.
Eleanora Fagan   was born on April 7, ,  in Philadelphia , the daughter of African-American unwed teenage couple Sarah Julia "Sadie" Fagan and Clarence Holiday.
Sarah moved to Philadelphia at age 19,  after she was evicted from her parents' home in the Sandtown-Winchester neighborhood of Baltimore , Maryland, for becoming pregnant.
With no support from her parents, she made arrangements with her older, married half-sister, Eva Miller, for Eleanora to stay with her in Baltimore.
Not long after Eleanora was born, Clarence abandoned his family to pursue a career as a jazz banjo player and guitarist. Sadie Harris, then known as Sadie Fagan, married Philip Gough, but the marriage ended in two years.
Eleanora grew up in Baltimore and had a very difficult childhood. Her mother often took what were then known as "transportation jobs," serving on passenger railroads.
After attending kindergarten at St. Frances Academy , she frequently skipped school, and her truancy resulted in her being brought before the juvenile court on January 5, , when she was nine years old.
After nine months in care, she was "paroled" on October 3, , to her mother. Sadie had opened a restaurant, the East Side Grill, and mother and daughter worked long hours there.
She dropped out of school at age On December 24, , Sadie came home to discover a neighbor, Wilbur Rich, attempting to rape Eleanora.
She successfully fought back, and Rich was arrested. Officials placed Eleanora in the House of the Good Shepherd under protective custody as a state witness in the rape case.
She found a job running errands in a brothel ,  and she scrubbed marble steps as well as kitchen and bathroom floors of neighborhood homes.
In particular, Holiday cited " West End Blues " as an intriguing influence, pointing specifically to the scat section duet with the clarinet as her favorite part.
By early , Holiday had joined her mother in Harlem. Their landlady was a sharply-dressed woman named Florence Williams, who ran a brothel at West th Street.
After spending time in a workhouse , her mother was released in July, and Holiday was released in October. As a young teenager, Holiday started singing in nightclubs in Harlem.
She took her professional pseudonym from Billie Dove , an actress she admired, and Clarence Holiday, her probable father. The young singer teamed up with a neighbor, tenor saxophone player Kenneth Hollan.
They were a team from to , performing at clubs such as the Grey Dawn, Pod's and Jerry's on rd Street , and the Brooklyn Elks' Club.
As her reputation grew, she played in many clubs, including the Mexico's and the Alhambra Bar and Grill, where she met Charles Linton, a vocalist who later worked with Chick Webb.
It was also during this period that she connected with her father, who was playing in Fletcher Henderson 's band. Late in , year-old Holiday replaced the singer Monette Moore at Covan's, a club on West nd Street.
Producer John Hammond , who loved Moore's singing and had come to hear her, first heard Holiday there in early She recorded two songs: " Your Mother's Son-In-Law " and "Riffin' the Scotch", the latter being her first hit.
Hammond was impressed by Holiday's singing style and said of her, "Her singing almost changed my music tastes and my musical life, because she was the first girl singer I'd come across who actually sang like an improvising jazz genius.
In , Holiday had a small role as a woman abused by her lover in Duke Ellington 's musical short film Symphony in Black: A Rhapsody of Negro Life.
She sang "Saddest Tale" in her scene. In , Holiday was signed to Brunswick by John Hammond to record pop tunes with pianist Teddy Wilson in the swing style for the growing jukebox trade.
They were allowed to improvise the material. Holiday's improvisation of melody to fit the emotion was revolutionary.
Their first collaboration included " What a Little Moonlight Can Do " and " Miss Brown to You ". However, after "What a Little Moonlight Can Do" was successful, the company began considering Holiday an artist in her own right.
According to Hammond, Brunswick was broke and unable to record many jazz tunes. Wilson, Holiday, Young, and other musicians came into the studio without written arrangements, reducing the recording cost.
Brunswick paid Holiday a flat fee rather than royalties , which saved the company money. Most records that made money sold around three to four thousand.
Another frequent accompanist was tenor saxophonist Lester Young , who had been a boarder at her mother's house in and with whom Holiday had a rapport.
Young said, "I think you can hear that on some of the old records, you know. Some time I'd sit down and listen to 'em myself, and it sound like two of the same voices In late , Holiday had a brief stint as a big-band vocalist with Count Basie.
Holiday chose the songs she sang and had a hand in the arrangements, choosing to portray her developing persona of a woman unlucky in love.
Her tunes included "I Must Have That Man", "Travelin' All Alone", " I Can't Get Started ", and " Summertime ", a hit for Holiday in , originating in George Gershwin 's Porgy and Bess the year before.
Basie became used to Holiday's heavy involvement in the band. He said, "When she rehearsed with the band, it was really just a matter of getting her tunes like she wanted them, because she knew how she wanted to sound and you couldn't tell her what to do.
Holiday found herself in direct competition with the popular singer Ella Fitzgerald. The two later became friends. On January 16, , the same day that Benny Goodman performed his legendary Carnegie Hall jazz concert , the Basie and Webb bands had a battle at the Savoy Ballroom.
Webb and Fitzgerald were declared winners by Metronome magazine, while DownBeat magazine pronounced Holiday and Basie the winners.
Fitzgerald won a straw poll of the audience by a three-to-one margin. By February , Holiday was no longer singing for Basie.
Various reasons have been given for her firing. Jimmy Rushing , Basie's male vocalist, called her unprofessional. According to All Music Guide , Holiday was fired for being "temperamental and unreliable".
She complained of low pay and poor working conditions and may have refused to sing the songs requested of her or change her style.
This association placed her among the first black women to work with a white orchestra, an unusual arrangement at that time. This was also the first time a black female singer employed full-time toured the segregated U.
South with a white bandleader. In situations where there was a lot of racial tension, Shaw was known to stick up for his vocalist.
In her autobiography, Holiday describes an incident in which she was not permitted to sit on the bandstand with other vocalists because she was black.
Shaw said to her, "I want you on the band stand like Helen Forrest , Tony Pastor and everyone else. In Louisville, Kentucky , a man called her a "nigger wench" and requested she sing another song.
Holiday lost her temper and had to be escorted off the stage. By March , Shaw and Holiday had been broadcast on New York City's powerful radio station WABC the original WABC, now WCBS.
Because of their success, they were given an extra time slot to broadcast in April, which increased their exposure. The New York Amsterdam News reviewed the broadcasts and reported an improvement in Holiday's performance.
Metronome reported that the addition of Holiday to Shaw's band put it in the "top brackets". Holiday could not sing as often during Shaw's shows as she could in Basie's; the repertoire was more instrumental, with fewer vocals.
Shaw was also pressured to hire a white singer, Nita Bradley, with whom Holiday did not get along but had to share a bandstand.
In May , Shaw won band battles against Tommy Dorsey and Red Norvo , with the audience favoring Holiday. Although Shaw admired Holiday's singing in his band, saying she had a "remarkable ear" and a "remarkable sense of time", her tenure with the band was nearing an end.
This may have been the last straw for her. She left the band shortly after. Holiday spoke about the incident weeks later, saying, "I was never allowed to visit the bar or the dining room as did other members of the band Because she was under contract to a different record label and possibly because of her race, Holiday was able to make only one record with Shaw, "Any Old Time".
However, Shaw played clarinet on four songs she recorded in New York on July 10, "Did I Remember? By the late s, Holiday had toured with Count Basie and Artie Shaw, scored a string of radio and retail hits with Teddy Wilson, and became an established artist in the recording industry.
Her songs " What a Little Moonlight Can Do " and " Easy Living " were imitated by singers across America and were quickly becoming jazz standards. Her record label, Vocalion , listed the single as its fourth-best seller for the same month, and it peaked at number 2 on the pop charts, according to Joel Whitburn's Pop Memories: — Holiday was in the middle of recording for Columbia in the late s when she was introduced to " Strange Fruit ", a song based on a poem about lynching written by Abel Meeropol , a Jewish schoolteacher from the Bronx.
Meeropol used the pseudonym "Lewis Allan" for the poem, which was set to music and performed at teachers' union meetings. She performed it at the club in ,  with some trepidation, fearing possible retaliation.
She later said that the imagery of the song reminded her of her father's death and that this played a role in her resistance to performing it.
During the song's long introduction, the lights dimmed and all movement had to cease. As Holiday began singing, only a small spotlight illuminated her face.
On the final note, all lights went out, and when they came back on, Holiday was gone. She recorded it again for Verve.
The Commodore release did not get any airplay, but the controversial song sold well, though Gabler attributed that mostly to the record's other side, " Fine and Mellow ", which was a jukebox hit.
Holiday's popularity increased after "Strange Fruit". She received a mention in Time magazine. I needed the prestige and publicity all right, but you can't pay rent with it.
She also recorded new songs that were popular at the time, including, " My Old Flame ", "How Am I to Know? She also recorded her version of " Embraceable You ", which was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in Holiday's mother Sadie, nicknamed "The Duchess", opened a restaurant called Mom Holiday's.
She used money from her daughter while playing dice with members of the Count Basie band, with whom she toured in the late s. Fagan began borrowing large amounts from Holiday to support the restaurant.
Holiday obliged but soon fell on hard times herself. Mom turned me down flat. She wouldn't give me a cent. With Arthur Herzog, Jr.
It reached number 25 on the charts in and was third in Billboard ' s songs of the year, selling over a million records. He said she came up with the line "God bless the child" from a dinner conversation the two had had.
On June 24, , Holiday recorded " Trav'lin Light " with Paul Whiteman for a new label, Capitol Records. Because she was under contract to Columbia, she used the pseudonym "Lady Day".
He signed Holiday to Decca on August 7, , when she was The success and distribution of the song made Holiday a staple in the pop community, leading to solo concerts, rare for jazz singers in the late s.
Gabler said, "I made Billie a real pop singer. That was right in her. Billie loved those songs. The record's flip side was " No More ", one of her favorites.
Such arrangements were associated with Frank Sinatra and Ella Fitzgerald. I begged Milt and told him I had to have strings behind me.
The musical director, Toots Camarata , said Holiday was overwhelmed with joy. Her s recordings with Wilson used a small jazz combo; recordings for Decca often involved strings.
She wrote "Don't Explain" after she caught her husband, Jimmy Monroe, with lipstick on his collar. Holiday did not make any more records until August , when she recorded "Don't Explain" for a second time, changing the lyrics "I know you raise Cain" to "Just say you'll remain" and changing "You mixed with some dame" to "What is there to gain?
Ella Fitzgerald named "You Better Go Now" her favorite recording of Holiday's. In , Holiday recorded " Good Morning Heartache ".
Although the song failed to chart, she sang it in live performances; three live recordings are known. In September , Holiday began her only major film, New Orleans , in which she starred opposite Louis Armstrong and Woody Herman.
Plagued by racism and McCarthyism , producer Jules Levey and script writer Herbert Biberman were pressed to lessen Holiday's and Armstrong's roles to avoid the impression that black people created jazz.
The attempts failed because in Biberman was listed as one of the Hollywood Ten and sent to jail. And very damn little of me.
I know I wore a white dress for a number I did Other songs included in the movie are " Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans?
Holiday's drug addictions were a problem on the set. She earned more than one thousand dollars per week from club ventures but spent most of it on heroin.
Her lover, Joe Guy , traveled to Hollywood while Holiday was filming and supplied her with drugs. Guy was banned from the set when he was found there by Holiday's manager, Joe Glaser.
When touring with white bandleader Artie Shaw, she was often forced to use the service elevators so as not to upset white patrons, prohibited from eating with the rest of the band, and confined to a dark room until she took the stage to entertain the same patrons who wouldn't share her elevator.
Billie Holiday skyrocketed to fame in with the independent recording of "Strange Fruit," an unforgiving, haunting poem about lynchings of African Americans.
The at-the-time graphic, brutal portrayal of racial violence became a hit, but put her squarely in the crosshairs of the federal government, specifically the newly created Federal Bureau of Narcotics.
The head of the bureau, Harry Anslinger, heard rumblings of her heroin use and began relentlessly pursuing her when she continued to speak out against racial violence and injustice during the Jim Crow era, according to Johan Hari , author of Chasing the Scream: The First and Last Days of the War on Drugs.
In , she was busted for heroin possession and, instead of being sent to a hospital to get well as she requested, she was sentenced to a year and a day in a West Virginia federal prison.
Not long after her release, however, Billie Holiday played at Carnegie Hall. In the accounts of her love life , Billie Holiday married twice and embarked on a third relationship in the s and s; all these relationships were troubled and tragically influential.
It was her first marriage to Jimmy Monroe in that served as Holiday's foray into drug addiction, first with opium then heroin.
The marriage ended shortly thereafter, but her drug use continued with boyfriend Joe Guy. During this period, Billie Holiday spent a lot of money supporting their collective habit, according to Jazzwise.
All the while, Holiday was making some of the best recordings of her career. In her memoir , she recalled: "I spent the rest of the war years on 52nd Street and a few other streets.
I had the white gowns and the white shoes. And every night they'd bring me the white gardenias and the white junk. The federal attention led to Holiday's arrest for using heroin.
The film shows Holiday using heroin and spending a year and a half in prison on drug charges. Day said the federal pressure was intended to silence Holiday.
Even Day said she didn't know the extent of the FBI and FBN's pursuit of Holiday. Anslinger and the FBN remained on Holiday's case until her hospitalization and death.
Day felt the story of the FBI and FBN pursuing Holiday was buried in history. She said it is important to keep telling Black stories and women's stories so that they are not silenced.
A system of oppression cannot continue when the truth is in the space. Sundance Film Festival, which is virtual this year, runs through Wednesday.